The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class XII Physics curriculum is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of fundamental physics concepts and principles. The syllabus is structured to help students develop a solid four
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The Class XII Physics syllabus is divided into two main parts: theory and practicals. The theory section covers a wide range of topics, including:

Electrostatics: This unit explores the study of electric charges at rest. It includes topics like Coulomb's law, electric field, electric potential, capacitors, and dielectric properties.

Current Electricity: This section focuses on the flow of electric charge through conductors. Key topics include Ohm's law, electrical resistance, series and parallel circuits, and Kirchhoff's laws.

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism: This unit deals with the relationship between electricity and magnetism. It covers topics like Biot-Savart law, Ampere's circuital law, electromagnetic induction, and magnetic properties of materials.

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents: Students learn about Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction, inductors, transformers, and the principles of alternating current (AC) circuits.

Electromagnetic Waves: This unit discusses the nature and properties of electromagnetic waves, their propagation, and their applications.

Optics: This section covers the study of light, including reflection, refraction, lenses, mirrors, optical instruments, wave optics, and the phenomenon of interference, diffraction, and polarization.

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter: This unit explores the particle and wave nature of radiation and matter, including photoelectric effect, de Broglie hypothesis, and Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom.

Atoms and Nuclei: Students learn about atomic models, nuclear structure, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions.

Electronic Devices: This section covers the basics of semiconductors, diodes, transistors, and their applications in electronic devices.

Communication Systems: This unit provides an overview of communication technologies, including modulation, transmission, and reception of signals.

The practical component of the syllabus is equally important and aims to develop students' experimental skills and understanding of scientific methodologies. Practical experiments include:

Verification of theoretical principles through experiments like Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's laws, and resonance in electrical circuits.

Study of the characteristics of semiconductor devices like diodes and transistors.

Experiments related to optics, such as determining the focal length of lenses and measuring the angle of minimum deviation for a prism.

Experiments involving the measurement of physical quantities, such as resistance, capacitance, and current.

In addition to the core content, the syllabus emphasizes the development of scientific temper, analytical thinking, and problem-solving skills. It encourages students to engage in project work, which often involves exploring contemporary issues and applications of physics in real-world scenarios.

Overall, the CBSE Class XII Physics syllabus is designed to provide a deep and thorough understanding of physics, preparing students for advanced studies and careers in science, engineering, and technology.

LessThe CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) Physics curriculum for high school students in India is meticulously designed to offer a deep and thorough understanding of fundamental physics principles, preparing students for higher education and various
Core Areas of Study
Mechanics:
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Kinematics: Study of motion without considering its causes. Topics include rectilinear motion, projectile motion, and uniform circular motion.

Dynamics: Focuses on the forces and torques that cause motion. Includes Newton's laws of motion, friction, and circular dynamics.

Work, Energy, and Power: Concepts of work, kinetic and potential energy, conservation of energy, and power.

Rotational Motion: Includes rotational dynamics, moment of inertia, and angular momentum.

Gravitation: Newton’s law of gravitation, gravitational potential energy, and satellite motion.

Thermodynamics:

Laws of Thermodynamics: Zeroth, first, second, and third laws.

Heat Transfer: Methods of heat transfer including conduction, convection, and radiation.

Thermodynamic Processes: Isothermal, adiabatic, isobaric, and isochoric processes, and the Carnot engine.

Waves and Oscillations:

Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM): Characteristics and mathematical representation of SHM.

Wave Motion: Types of waves, wave parameters, and the principle of superposition.

Sound Waves: Properties of sound, Doppler effect, and applications of ultrasound.

Electromagnetism: